Home Current Archive Editorial board
News Contact

Therapeutic swimming

Milomir Trivun ,
Milomir Trivun

Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Pale, University of East Sarajevo, Lukavica, Bosnia and Herzegovina

Jovica Tošić ,
Jovica Tošić

Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Pale, University of East Sarajevo, Lukavica, Bosnia and Herzegovina

Vladan Marković
Vladan Marković

Sportska Akademija Beograd, Belgrade, Serbia


The beneficial influence of water on the human body has been known since ancient times. Water as a therapeutic agent has a very wide application whereas a therapeutic effect of water is based on physical characteristics, thermal and mechanical effects.

For the field of therapeutic gymnastics, the mechanical action of water has a special significance. Primarily it is manifested through hydrothermal activity in the form of thrust force and water resistance. Cold water increases the excitability of skeletal muscles and reduces their fatigue. After a short procedure with cold water the general tone is increased while a feeling of freshness, vivacity and strength is achieved. Swimming is one of the natural forms of movement with a very powerful positive impact on the body, especially in the developing organism. Moreover, swimming can achieve significant preventive and corrective therapeutic effects. Due to the apparent loss of weight in water while having the possibility of relaxation or mastering a different resistance as well as of the beneficial effects of the environment, swimming provides unlimited possibilities to improve poor health. The particular effects are obtained in people with weakened muscle
tone, both during reconvalescence after certain diseases, and particularly in the condition with weakened
muscle function (paresis and paralysis).
Depending on swimming technique it leads to greater involvement of certain muscles. Swimming
improves lung function and also increases the activity of intercostal muscles. Furthermore, it improves mechanics of the chest as a whole, and it can be used in the prevention and remedial purposes of the deformity of the thorax. In addition, swimming significantly stimulates the activity of other vital systems, especially the cardiovascular and respiratory systems.


Authors retain copyright. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. Creative Commons License

Article metrics

Google scholar: See link

The statements, opinions and data contained in the journal are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publisher and the editor(s). We stay neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.