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Introduction. According to the data of the World Health Organization (WHO), mental illnesses are on the rise. The World Health Report estimates that today about 1 billion people suffer from mental and behavioral disorders or psychosocial problems such as those related to alcohol and drug abuse. Stigmatization of the mentally ill is one of the burni...

By SRDJAN ŽIVANOVIĆ, VESELINKA KULIĆ, BOJAN JOKSIMOVIĆ, VEDRANA JOKSIMOVIĆ, MARIJA MILIĆ

Introduction. Clostridium difficile is the leading cause of nosocomial diarrhea, associated with the use of antibiotics. The most common ways of transmitting the infection in hospitals are contaminated surfaces of the premises and the hands of medical staff. Methods. The study involved 68 nurses/technicians employed at the University Hospital Foca ...

By IVANA MILJKOVIĆ, AMAJLA TOPUZ

Cardiovascular diseases rank first on the mortality list globally or 31%. The basic measure of prevention in accordance with the recommendations of the World Health Organization is a change in risk lifestyle in terms of diet, physical activity, tobacco and alcohol consumption. Vitamin D was previously recognized as a regulator of calcium and phosph...

By VESNA LAZIĆ, BILJANA MIJOVIĆ, MILOŠ MAKSIMOVIĆ, OLIVERA RAŠEVIĆ, MAIDA MULIĆ, MAJA VUKOVIĆ

The concept of proper nutrition implies meeting the needs of the body concerning daily energy intake and a sufficient amount of nutrients and protective substances necessary to maintain the physiological functions of the body and its health. Nutrients are divided into macronutrients (proteins, carbohydrates and fats) and micronutrients (vitamins an...

By SRĐAN ŽIVANOVIĆ, VESELINKA KULIĆ, NATALIJA HADŽIVUKOVIĆ, JELENA PAVLOVIĆ, SANDRA MATOVIĆ

There is a daily increase in the number of patients with malignant diseases, but with the advances in modern oncology research, the number of survivors treated with malignant diseases is becoming larger and larger. The survival rate after completing oncology therapy is increasing on a daily basis, so that malignant diseases belonging to the categor...

By SLAĐANA POPOVIĆ, SRĐAN POPOVIĆ, NIKOLINA DUKIĆ, JELENA VLADIČIĆ-MAŠIĆ, OLIVERA ČANČAR

Hepatitis B virus (HBV), hepatitis C virus (HCV), and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) are the main bloodborne pathogens and are of considerable interest for the dental team. In dentist's surgery, HBV, HCV and HIV infections can be transmitted via direct contact with blood and saliva containing blood, or via indirect contact with contaminated den...

By JOVANA HRISA-SAMARDŽIJA, BILJANA MIJOVIĆ, MARINA MILINKOVIĆ

Introduction. Vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE) represent a major healthcare problem all around the world. The most effective methods for the control and prevention of these infections, as well as the methods controlling the growth of hospital-acquired VRE, have not been established yet. The aim of this systematic review of the literature was ...

By NATALIJA HADŽIVUKOVIĆ, BILJANA MIJOVIĆ

Introduction. Metabolic syndrome is a cluster of metabolic disorders that increase the risk of type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular diseases. The aim of the study is to determine the frequency of certain metabolic syndrome components by applying International Diabetes Federation (IDF) criteria prior to and after diagnosing ischemic heart disease. Met...

By ŽANA PEĆANAC, KOSANA STANETIĆ, LJUBOMIR ŠORMAZ

Introduction. Chronic kidney diseases are global health problem and thus close attention is devoted to their prevention and early detection. The aim of the study was to assess the prevalence of chronic kidney disease biomarkers in three groups at risk. Methods. The study included 77 persons divided into three groups: (1) 31 patients with hypertensi...

By SVETLANA KRSMANOVIĆ

Although physical activity is an important factor in prevention of many chronic, non-infectious diseases, it is rarely used as a regular procedure in dialysis patients. Despite the guidelines on good clinical practice, recommended physical exercise as a part of routine activities is implemented in a very small number of centers. Factors that contri...

By RADOJICA STOLIĆ, BRANKO MIHAILOVIĆ, IVANA MATIJAŠEVIĆ, MAŠA JAKŠIĆ