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The vascular approach is a prerequisite for performing hemodialysis, but their "weak points" are different and frequent complications. Modern guidelines recommend native arteriovenous fistula (AVF) as the first choice of vascular approach because it is characterized by the longest survival and the least complications compared to other vascular appr...

By ZLATKO MAKSIMOVIĆ, NENAD LALOVIĆ, SINIŠA MAKSIMOVIĆ

Autophagy is a dynamic process, conserved in all eukaryotes. It is responsible for the degradation of cytoplasmic content. Autophagy is crucial in cell survival and cell death. It plays a significant role in the cell response to stress, nutrient deficiencies, embryonic development, tumor suppression, response to pathogens and aging. The process of ...

By NIKOLINA ELEZ-BURNJAKOVIĆ, LEJLA POJSKIĆ, SANIN HAVERIĆ, AJLA SMAJLOVIĆ

Introduction. Patients affected with Allan-Herndon-Dudley syndrome (AHDS) have a deficiency of monocarboxylate transporter 8 (MCT8), a protein primarily responsible for the transport of triiodothyronine (T3) into the brain. This X-linked disorder affects almost exclusively males with clinical presentation encompassing developmental delay, axial hyp...

By ADRIJAN SARAJLIJA, SLAĐANA TODOROVIĆ, BILJANA ALIMPIĆ, MAJA ČEHIĆ

Introduction. Stroke is one of the leading causes of morbidity and mortality worldwide. The relationship between metabolic syndrome (MetS) and homocysteinemia (Hcy) as risk factors for ischemic stroke (IS) is not completely clear. The aim of the study was to determine the frequency of MetS, serum level of Hcy and the frequency of hyperhomocysteinem...

By MILORAD VUJNIĆ, NELA RAŠETA, ALMA PRTINA, TATJANA MILIVOJAC, SINIŠA RISTIĆ

Introduction. Alcoholic liver cirrhosis is an advanced stage of progressive liver failure with an often adverse outcome. Numerous scoring systems are used to predict outcomes. The results of MELD Score (Model For End-Stage Liver Disease) and CLIF Consortium Acute Decompensation score (CLIF-C ADs) were used in this paper to determine which one is mo...

By GORAN BOKAN, ZORAN MAVIJA

Genetic and environmental factors play an important role in the development of type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM2) and its complications. Diabetic nephropathy (DN) is one of the most common microangiopathic chronic complications of diabetes. Oxidative stress occurs under condition of increased production of free radicals and/or decreased activity of ant...

By DRAGANA PAVLOVIĆ, SINIŠA RISTIĆ

01.12.2020. Original Scientific Article
The importance of physical activity in diabetes

Introduction. Obesity is becoming a global urgent issue that is considered a health problem in developed and developing countries. Obesity is a major risk factor for many non-communicable diseases such as cardiovascular diseases, type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM2), hypertension, coronary heart disease, or certain types of cancer. Physical activity is c...

By MILOŠ PURKOVIĆ, DANKA VUKAŠINOVIĆ, UNA RADAK, MILOŠ MAKSIMOVIĆ

Atherosclerosis is the leading cause of cardiovascular disease (CVD) worldwide. Recently, mortality and morbidity from CVD have shown a trend in its occurrence in earlier years, while these diseases have been associated with older age until recently. In developed countries, mortality from diseases caused by atherosclerosis has decreased over the la...

By VESNA LAZIĆ, BILJANA MIJOVIĆ, MILOŠ MAKSIMOVIĆ

Introduction. Cellulose nanocrystals (CNCs) as attractive natural materials, have numerous applications in the biomedical field. Their unique biomechanical characteristics, surface chemistry, low cost and sustainable nature make them an engaging alternative to conventional materials and potentiate their use as progressive material. Therefore, it is...

By MILOŠ VASILJEVIĆ, SERGEJ TOMIĆ, MARINA BEKIĆ, BOJAN JOKSIMOVIĆ, DRAGANA VUČEVIĆ, MIODRAG ČOLIĆ

Chronic non-communicable diseases are diseases that arise as a response of the human body to a number of factors, the most important of which are ecological and socio-economic factors. According to the World Health Organization, their classification is based on mortality and morbidity statistics. The top four leading causes of death are as follows:...

By VESNA LAZIĆ, BILJANA MIJOVIĆ, MILOŠ MAKSIMOVIĆ