Faculty of Medicine, Foca, The Republic of Srpska, Bosnia and Herzegovina, University of East Sarajevo ,Lukavica ,Bosnia and Herzegovina
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There is a daily increase in the number of patients with malignant diseases, but with the advances in modern oncology research, the number of survivors treated with malignant diseases is becoming larger and larger. The survival rate after completing oncology therapy is increasing on a daily basis, so that malignant diseases belonging to the category of terminal diseases are now referred to as 'chronic illnesses'. In this specific group of patients, the risk from cardiovascular diseases is increasing nowadays. A new challenge for the future cardiologists will certainly pose the treatment of this group of patients. A cardiological approach in oncological patient treatment is an important issue. The cardiologist focuses on risk stratification and prevention of cardiovascular complications in the oncological patient in relation to his or her pre-existing condition, and in relation to the type of specific oncology therapy applied, and on further follow-up during therapy and after its completion. This implies that it is necessary to create cardio-oncology teams in our institutions treating the oncological patients. There is a considerable need for education in a new field, which presents the intersection between two clinical disciplines, i.e. cardiology and oncology, and for special education of cardiologists concerning all types of chemotherapy and their potential cardiotoxic effects. The oncologist, on the other hand, must be trained to recognize any possible early signs and symptoms of cardiac complications concerning the therapy applied and to seek further cardiac care for the patients. The aim of this review article is to assist the doctors treating this group of patients in their daily practice and to highlight the need for a multidisciplinary approach, as well as the creation of a cardio-oncology team for a comprehensive and integrative approach to a cardio-oncological patient.
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