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Gemination of maxillary incisors in decidous and permanent dentition – a case report

By
Isidora Nešković Orcid logo ,
Isidora Nešković

University of Novi Sad, Faculty of Medicine, Novi Sad, Serbia

Dentistry Clinic of Vojvodina, Novi Sad, Serbia

Aleksandar Anđelković Orcid logo ,
Aleksandar Anđelković
Contact Aleksandar Anđelković

University of Novi Sad, Faculty of Medicine, Novi Sad, Serbia

Duška Blagojević Orcid logo ,
Duška Blagojević

University of Novi Sad, Faculty of Medicine, Novi Sad, Serbia

Dentistry Clinic of Vojvodina, Novi Sad, Serbia

Sanja Vujkov Orcid logo ,
Sanja Vujkov

University of Novi Sad, Faculty of Medicine, Novi Sad, Serbia

Dentistry Clinic of Vojvodina, Novi Sad, Serbia

Jelena Komšić Orcid logo ,
Jelena Komšić

University of Novi Sad, Faculty of Medicine, Novi Sad, Serbia

Dentistry Clinic of Vojvodina, Novi Sad, Serbia

Bojan Petrović Orcid logo
Bojan Petrović

University of Novi Sad, Faculty of Medicine, Novi Sad, Serbia

Dentistry Clinic of Vojvodina, Novi Sad, Serbia

Editor: Adrijan Sarajlija

Abstract

Introduction. Shape variations of teeth can be present both in perma nent and in deciduous dentition. Gemination, fusion, concrescention, and ,,twin teeth” are development anomalies. Aim of this article is to show different cases of simultaneous gemination in deciduous denti tion and supernumerary teeth in permanent dentition in upper incisors region.

Case report. A nine-year-old girl, suffering from juvenile idiopathic arthritis, has been sent to the Dental Clinic of Vojvodina. The clinical examination and OPG (orthopantomography) analysis revealed the presence of supernumerary tooth in the region of tooth 51, and also supernumerary tooth in tooth region 11. There was the presence of a cyst in the region 23, which was corresponding to the follicular cyst. The treatment plan included extraction of tooth 51 and supernumer ary tooth, extraction of tooth 52, and control examination after three months with 3D radiography.

Conclusion. Full cooperation between pediatric dentist, oral surgeon and orthodontics is required. Therapy should be focused on balanc ing the occlusion and gaining best aesthetic results. The significance of highlighting the importance of this case lies in its contribution to expanding our understanding of gemination anomalies in the dental f ield. By presenting a rare occurrence involving gemination of maxillary incisors in both deciduous and permanent dentition, this case report offers valuable insights into the clinical manifestations, diagnostic ap proaches and treatment strategies associated with this condition.

Author Contributions

Investigation, I.N.; Methodology, I.N., A.A. and J.K.; Validation, I.N. and S.V.; Writing – original draft, I.N. and A.A.; Conceptualization, A.A.; Formal Analysis, A.A.; Writing – review & editing, D.B., S.V., J.K. and B.P.; Supervision, B.P. All authors have read and agreed to the published version of the manuscript.

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Funding Statement

The authors received no specific funding for this work.

Authors retain copyright. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. Creative Commons License

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